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Republic of Cabo Verde

Cape Verde location

Cabo Verde or Cape Verde
Official language – Portuguese
Capital – Praia
National holiday – Independence Day, 5 July (1975) (from Portugal)
Government type – Presidential Republic
Cabo Verde is a stable country, and one of the most democratic African countries according to the Economist Intelligence Unit Democracy Index (ranked 31st globally and 3rd in Africa in 2015), as well as one of the African countries with the best governance record according to the Mo Ibrahim Index (provides an annual assessment of the quality of governance in African countries) (in 2016 ranking 3rd)
The constitution was adopted in 1980 and revised in 1992, 1995 and 1999.
The president is head of state, and is elected by popular vote for a 5-year term.
The most recent elections were held in March 2016 and led to a change of legislative majority with the victory of the Movement for Democracy (MpD). This change of majority comes after 15 years of governments led by the Cabo Verde Independence Party (PAICV). In 2016, the electorate confirmed its choice through an MpD victory in the municipal elections of 5 September 2016 as the party won 19 of the 22 municipal councils, against 2 for the PAICV. Finally, on 2 October 2016, the presidential elections led to the election of Jorge Carlos Fonseca of the MpD as President of the Republic.

Area – 4,033 sq km
Natural resources: salt, limestone, pozzolana (a volcanic rock used in cement production) [],
kaolin, fish, clay, gypsum basalt rock,

Population – 556 thousands (2020, UNCTAD)
Ethnic groups:
Creole (mulatto) 71%, African 28%, European 1%.
Portuguese (official), Crioulo (a blend of Portuguese and West African words).

Roman Catholic (infused with indigenous beliefs), Protestant (mostly Church of the Nazarene).

Calling code: 238