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Republic of Guinea-Bissau

Guinea-Bissau location

Official language – Portuguese
Recognised regional languages - Crioulo
Capital – Bissau
National holiday – Independence Day, 24 September (since 1974, from Portugal)
Government type – Presidential Republic
Administrative division – Guinea-Bissau is divided into 9 regions (regioes, singular - regiao); Bafata, Biombo, Bissau, Bolama (Bolama/Bijagos), Cacheu, Gabu, Oio, Quinara, Tombali.

Border countries: Senegal (in the north), Guinea (in the south and east), the Atlantic Ocean to its west

Area – 36,125 sq km
Natural resources: fish, timber, phosphates, bauxite, clay, granite, limestone, gas, unexploited deposits of petroleum, gold

Population – 2 mln (2020, UNCTAD)
The population of Guinea-Bissau is ethnically diverse and has many distinct languages, customs, and social structures. Guinea-Bissauans can be divided into the following ethnic groups: Fula and the Mandinka-speaking people, who comprise the largest portion of the population and are concentrated in the north and northeast; the Balanta and Papel people, who live in the southern coastal regions; and the Manjaco and Mancanha, who occupy the central and northern coastal areas. Most of the remainder are mesticos of mixed Portuguese and African descent, including a Cape Verdean minority. Portuguese natives comprise a very small percentage of Guinea-Bissauans. This deficit was directly caused by the exodus of Portuguese settlers that took place after Guinea-Bissau gained independence. The country has also a tiny Chines population, including those of mixed Portuguese and Chinese ancestry from Macau, a former Asian Portuguese colony

Throughout the 20th century, most Bissau-Guineans practiced some form of Animism. Recently, many more have adopted Islam, which is currently practiced by 40-50 percent of the country's population; most of Guinea-Bissau's Muslims practice Sunni Islam. Approximately 10 percent of the country's population belong to the Christian community, and 40 percent continue to hold Indigenous beliefs. These statistics can be misleading, however, as both Islamic and Christan practices may be largely influenced and enriched by syncretism with traditional African beliefs

Calling code: 245